Email Me!

Is email a dead form of communication? Unless it is for official purposes I mean. For that I think email is still very important and needed, especially for sharing documents and passing on information and it is critical that you have a working email id that you check on a regular basis.

In the workplace Email is an important method of business communication that is fast, cheap, accessible and easily replicated. Using email can greatly benefit businesses as it provides efficient and effective ways to transmit all kinds of electronic data. On a regular work day I might sent anything between 20-50 emails in just a 9 hour window. However on the personal front that has changed a lot. I don’t think I have sent more than a handful of personal emails in the last 10 years.

I remember when emails first came out and getting an email from a friend or relative was a big deal. Also getting emails from the friends you made online was a cause for celebration. However Whatsapp and in particular Facebook and Messenger apps have almost killed out the need for sending out emails. Sometimes Messenger works just like an email would if you are not online – when you come back you can respond to them and carry on a conversation. But I do miss that personal email writing etiquette and personal touch that goes into a reply.

Chromebooks: What Is It & Should You Get One?

What is a Chromebook? I’ve known about Chromebooks but other than the brand name and that they are running on Chrome OS (I happen to also work on a system that runs a special type of customized Chrome OS created for my client company). Chromebooks are a new type of computer designed to help you get things done faster and easier. They run Chrome OS, an operating system that has cloud storage, the best of Google built-in, and multiple layers of security.

Google works with manufacturers to keep Chromebooks affordable, and you don’t need to worry about the prices of most software. Instead, you can choose from the thousands of free apps from the Chrome Web Store for work and play.

You can use offline-ready apps to keep using a Chromebook when it’s not connected to the Internet. Below are some examples:

  • Read and write emails with Offline Gmail
  • Write a note or make a list with Google Keep
  • Create and edit documents, slides, or spreadsheets with Google Drive apps (Google Docs, Sheets, and Slides)
  • View and RSVP to events with Google Calendar
  • View and edit photos saved with the built-in photo editor
  • Enjoy music or movies with the built-in media player

On all Chromebooks, you can open, edit, download, and convert many Microsoft Office files. On Chromebooks that support Android apps, Microsoft Office is currently available as an Android app. To see which Microsoft apps are available for your device, go to the Google Play Store.

You can save your photos with Google Photos, where they’ll be quickly and safely stored and organized for you. You can stream music and organize your personal music collection with YouTube Music. Learn how to get started with YouTube Music. For other info, like how to play saved music, check the play music on your Chromebook article. You can choose to store your files on your Chromebook or online with a cloud-based file storage service like Google Drive.

With Google Drive, your data is stored in Google’s highly secure data centers. Chromebooks don’t have a CD or DVD drive, but you can play saved music and movie files in any of the compatible file types with the media player. You can also play files from a USB drive or SD card. As for accessories, Mac or Windows USB drives, computer mice, keyboards, and external storage devices work well with Chromebooks.

Best Chromebooks for 2021

  • Acer Chromebook Spin 713 (Best Chromebook of 2021)
  • Lenovo Chromebook Duet (Best Chromebook on a budget)
  • HP Chromebook x360 14 (Powerful Chromebook with a sleek design)
  • Samsung Galaxy Chromebook 2 (Best midrange Chromebook)
  • Google Pixelbook Go. (Best Google Chromebook)

Ofcourse there are some cons as well. Specifically, the disadvantages of Chromebooks are: Weak processing power. Most of them are running extremely low-power and old CPUs, such as Intel Celeron, Pentium, or Core m3. Of course, running Chrome OS doesn’t require much processing power in the first place, so it might not feel as slow as you’d expect.

 If you already spend most of your time in the Chrome browser you will take to the notebook naturally. Chromebooks are especially good for younger students, as they are ease to use and are fairly secure. It’s also quite easy to update your Chromebook, and even better, these laptops often do that themselves. Children who are still learning how to use computers may be more receptive to learning how a new operating system works.

How You Can Gain Organic Traffic From Budget Marketing

When you are running a business and operating to a tight budget there is always the question of how you can conserve funds but still bring in results. No matter how great your product or service is, or your size you still need to sustain a digital presence and have a robust marketing strategy.

So, how can you achieve this with limited resources? Let’s have a look how you can effectively run your business on a tight marketing budget below:

Gain Organic Traffic From Budget Marketing

While paid social can be extreemily effective, organic social results serve as your strong foundation, don’t have this in place for your social media strategy and any money paid is wasted. There are many ways you can create stand out and interesting social campaigns without spending a penny, you just need to thinking creatively. For example is your customer thrive from engagement get them involved and ask for their testimonials.

For information on creating an organic social media strategy:

Create A Blog

Blogging is a crucial customer acquisition tool for any business. Not only is it inexpensive ( but blogging also provides a variety of benefits. Increased website traffic, more prospective customers, exposure via search engine results, and more. When you have the budget for it, another inexpensive way to get more results from this methods is to use a ppc agency, advanced plugins, and apps.

Become Familar With Platforms

You aren’t going to be successful with gaining organic social media traffic if you aren’t familiar with the platforms you are using. Make sure you have a look at each of the most popular such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, Tikitok and Pinterest to start with. You need to do some research to find out which ones your customers/potential customers use the most. Instagram and Tiktok are very commonly seen together at the moment with the use of reels on Instagram as a way to repost Tiktok material.

Create Email Campaigns And Newsletters

Whether it’s a simple onboarding email series or an external newsletter, the most basic email strategies can often have the biggest impact. Just like with a blog, there are some free platforms you can use too. Whether it’s sending the latest blog posts, deals, or topics of conversation on your social media platforms, you should makes sure you don’t send them too often, but regularly. You want to have a significant presence in their inbox but not come across as spam.

Use High Quality Content

When thinking about content for you website, your blog, social media platforms, and emails, you need to make sure the content you are using is high-quality and relevant. If it’s not it can put customers off, and question whether you actually understand them as customers in the first place. For example, if you are aimed towards parents with young children, posting content about teenagers won’t be relevant to them, esepcially if you are marketing thing such as toddler seats, pushchairs, or baby clothing.

This short guide should help you to stay on track when it comes to creating organic traffic while staying on a budget. Do you have any other tips that could help? Please share them in the comments below.

Cannot Live Without…

Share what you can’t live without.

I cannot live without the internet. High speed broadband and wifi and phone data. I know I was born in 1976 and only got started using the internet, infrequently, in 1997. And it was 2006 before I got internet connectivity at home. So I haven’t spent a significant amount of time alive without it.

However, the way that life has been and is right now I cannot imagine living without it. I wake up, switch on my laptop and then go to the bathroom for a leak and brushing my teeth and washing my face. I then go get coffee and come back to my bedroom to find the laptop all connected to the wifi and awaiting my fingers to enter the Windows password. Coffee drinking and internet browsing is the best way to start the day. I am online until 5 minutes before I have to leave – if I am working from home it is always on.

Your internet is used for a lot of things on the computer and phone. It is my music database (Youtube), social media and connectivity with friends and relatives (Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp and Twitter) my entertainment box (Youtube) and also movies (Netflix, Amazon Prime & a few others). I also use it to watch sports (mainly to live stream football) and other events. I use it to book cabs for my travel and deliver food, clothes and groceries. And a host of other things on Amazon & Flipkart.

How could I now possibly stay away from it?

Prompt from Prompt from 31 Blog Post Ideas for March at A Grande Life

Redmi Prime 9

Xiaomi has brought back their Prime branding in August of 2020 with the Redmi 9 Prime. Xiaomi explains that this model has been launched because its Redmi Note 9 series has become more expensive due to the GST hike and Rupee-Dollar fluctuations. The Redmi 9 Prime is priced below the Redmi Note 9 series and starts just below the Rs. 10,000 price point.

The Redmi 9 Prime looks a lot like the Redmi 9, which Xiaomi has launched internationally. The phone sports a 6.53-inch display with a dewdrop notch at the top. The phone is thick since it packs a big 5,020mAh battery, and also tips the scales at 198g. Xiaomi has curved the frame on the sides which makes this phone comfortable to hold, but you will notice the weight after using it for a while. At the top, Xiaomi has placed an IR emitter which can be used to control appliances. There is a 3.5mm audio jack, primary microphone, speaker, and USB Type-C port at the bottom. Xiaomi has positioned the power and volume buttons on the right, and they are easy to reach. The tray on the left has three slots; two for Nano-SIMs and one for a microSD card. The Redmi 9 Prime has a textured back with a circular patch around the camera module that is smooth.

The camera module is pill-shaped and is slightly raised from the body. It also houses the fingerprint scanner, which is easy to reach while holding the device. Apart from the fingerprint scanner, the module houses three camera sensors. The fourth sensor is outside the module, positioned along with the LED flash. Xiaomi includes a case in the box, along with a 10W charger which takes a long time to charge the 5,020mAh battery – more on this in a bit. The Redmi 9 Prime is offered in four colours: Matte Black, Mint Green, Space Blue, and Sunrise Flare. Xiaomi offers a full-HD+ display on the Redmi 9 Prime, which isn’t very common at this price point. The display also has Corning Gorilla Glass 3 for protection which should help it withstand daily use.

Powering the Redmi 9 Prime is the MediaTek Helio G80 SoC, an octa-core processor with two Cortex-A75 cores clocked at 2GHz and six Cortex-A55 cores clocked at 1.8GHz. This is paired with 4GB of RAM, and you can choose between 64GB and 128GB storage options. The Redmi 9 Prime runs MIUI 11 on top of Android, and was running the July Android Security patch at the time of this review. The user experience is very similar to what is available on other Xiaomi smartphones. It comes with a fair amount of bloatware preinstalled, such as GetApps, Zili, Rummy King, ShareMe, Mi Credit, and Mi Pay, plus a few games.

IT Consultancy For Small Businesses

If you are a small business in need for custom solutions for your daily need you should look out for an IT company for small businesses that can provide your organization with optimal solutions curated to your business that will ensure increased productivity and make sure all your needs are met with cost efficient and reliable IT support whenever you need it.

IT consulting is a cost-effective strategy for organizations that rely on IT performance to support their business operations. Using IT consulting, they can get the support and guidance of qualified IT leaders when they need them – at a fraction of the cost of maintaining a full-time IT department.

IT Consultants are external analysts who evaluate a company’s IT systems to help them meet their business objectives. Their primary duties include analyzing and diagnosing a company’s IT infrastructure, understanding a client’s business needs and designing and implementing a technology solution.

Consultants offer a wide range of services, including the following:

  • Providing expertise in a specific market.
  • Identifying problems.
  • Supplementing existing staff.
  • Initiating change.
  • Providing objectivity.
  • Teaching and training employees.
  • Doing the “dirty work,” like eliminating staff.
  • Reviving an organization.

IT Consulting Services

An IT consulting services company works with clients to help them solve IT problems. As a field of activity focuses on advising organizations on how best to use information technology (IT) in achieving their business objectives. The field includes everything from basic network analytics assistance all the way up to managed IT solutions.
 
These can include:
  • Cloud services.
  • Disaster management.
  • Network operations.
  • Cybersecurity and compliance.
  • Managed IT solutions.

Consultants from these companies will review your business needs and current operations. They then make recommendations and suggest new equipment and software.

An IT consultant needs to possess the following skills:

  • Advisory skills
  • Technical skills
  • Business skills
  • Communication skills
  • Management skills
  • Advisory language skills
  • Business and management language skills
  • Technical language skills

I Love PayPal

I remember hearing about Paypal for a long time and wondering why it was a big deal. This online wallet was being asked for by many online merchant websites and I didn’t have one and neither did I know how to get one. It was by 2013 that I tried to create a Paypal account and found that there were issues. I needed a credit card. And till that I was adamant that I wouldn’t get a credit card but it’s only because I wanted to buy things from international websites like Amazon.com/ca/uk and ebay.com/uk/ca that I took one.

So I tried to apply for a credit card but it would actually be 2015 January when I got one and that is mostly because the company I worked for at the time was brand new and the bank had issues with it. So I waited till I joined an established company and I applied and got a credit card. Then I created a Paypal account and had to link my PAN card and credit card to the account. Paypal has an Indian site/service and I could now use it for online purchases – mainly for ebay as they prefer online payment through them.

I also use Paypal for receiving payments from clients who ask me for adding links or writing posts for them. So I get payments from them and I can transfer the money to my bank account or card. And I can use Paypal for buying stuff on ebay.

Is The All In 1 Desktop The Way To Go?

I have been thinking about it for a while now. Is the all-in-one desktop the way to go as far as home computing is concerned?

All-in-One PCs (AIO PCs) are streamlined desktop computers that integrate all of the components of a traditional desktop computer, except for the keyboard and mouse, into one single unit. Traditional desktop computers have a monitor and separate the computer case that holds the motherboard, hard drive, and all other components. Many AIO PCs have integrated touch screen monitors, touch-pads, and solid-state disk drives and memory. AIO PCs have a smaller profile than other desktop computers, reduce clutter and feature sleek designs.

Versus a regular desktop it does save space and look sleeker. However the disadvantages are :

  • The AIO computer has the less powerful components compared to the desktop.
  • All In One computer normally comes with the laptop version of CPU which generates the less power.

I’ve actually been thinking about getting an upgrade to a desktop but now sure if I should go for an all in one.

Intro To SEO

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the quality and quantity of website traffic to a website or a web page from search engines. SEO targets unpaid traffic (known as “natural” or “organic” results) rather than direct traffic or paid traffic. Unpaid traffic may originate from different kinds of searches, including image search, video search, academic search, news search, and industry-specific vertical search engines. SEO services are services typically offered by an SEO agency that helps your company succeed in search engine optimization. With SEO, your business wants to increase its visibility in search results on search engines like Google and Bing. You can look up SEO Toronto to check on services that an online marketing team of specialists can offer you.

As an Internet marketing strategy, SEO considers how search engines work, the computer-programmed algorithms that dictate search engine behavior, what people search for, the actual search terms or keywords typed into search engines, and which search engines are preferred by their targeted audience. SEO is performed because a website will receive more visitors from a search engine when websites rank higher in the search engine results page (SERP). These visitors can then potentially be converted into customers.

Below are the steps you required to get into SEO 1) Web Site Building 2) Content Writing 3) Content optimization using popular keywords 4) Identify the social media webistes 5) Get Backlinks to your website from Social Media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Quora, Pinterest, etc 6) Write meta tags for each menu 7) Use internal links in your website 8 ) Image optimization

Use below SEO tools 1) Plagiarism- To verify your content is unique or copied 2) Keyword rank checker – Tells about the position of the domain on google page rankings 3) Backlinks checker- Provides the backlinks to the website 4) Google Analytics Tool- Read the answer for the question:How do I know if SEO is working? 5) Competitor Checker- lookout for possible competitors of your domain or function of business try to optimize the content taking those websites are benchmark. 6) Blog Writing : Make regular practice to blog writing and get the back links to your website as well as increase the customer views by branding the website this process will support to improve the domain page ranking on search engine.

My 3rd Mobile Phone

So I made a mistake but since over 14 years have passed since then, I think you can forgive me. So, in between my Samsung R220 and the Sony Ericsson W800i purchase, I actually had Nokia 1100. But here’s the problem – I remember having used that phone but I don’t remember when I got it.

I went through the old blog that I had but I can only find one entry about the Nokia 1100. Which is odd! But yeah, it’s was in the beginning of I think when people at the office, my friends and colleagues, convinced me to dump my Samsung R220 and get the 1100. Over 250 million 1100s have been sold since its launch in late 2003, making it the world’s best selling phone handset and the best selling consumer electronics device in the world at the time.

It was targeted towards developing countries and users who do not require advanced features beyond making calls and SMS text messages, alarm clock, reminders, etc. The Nokia 1100 was the company’s cheapest mobile phone when it was released to the market, making it ideal for the developing world yet had some of the best features. The 1100 features a built-in flashlight, activated by pressing and holding the C key once, or by pressing it twice to lock it on when the keypad is unlocked. It can also be accessed via a menu item. The 1100 and 1101 are only able to play monophonic ringtones, which can be selected from a list of 36 pre-installed tones or from 7 self-composed ones.

In addition to the default light blue, orange or black, there are also dark blue, yellow, red, green and pink versions offered by Nokia, as well as many 3rd-party covers. Other features include a 50-message capacity (inbox and drafts, with 25 messages in the sent items folder), alarm, stopwatch, calculator, 6 profiles, contacts storage (capacity 50, with the ability to assign different tones and icons to different contacts), games (Snake II and Space Impact+) and the ability to compose your own ringtones. The Nokia BL-5C battery has a long standby and talk time – this battery is used in more advanced models that have increased power needs for their features, but in the basic 1100 it consumes a fraction of the power and therefore lasts for up to 400 hours between charges.

My 5th Mobile Phone – RAZR

So by the time mid 2006 rolled over I had been feeling enamoured with stories of the flip phone that Motorola had. Someone from work, in another office, had one and I tested it out. The Motorola RAZR or V3i was an amazing phone. And I wanted one!

In the second week of June of 2006 I received an arrears payout from the parent company of the outsourced call center that I was working at. From Jan 2004 to Jan of 2007 I had worked for Idea as a contract staff and then joined Prudent Technologies continuing the same work for Idea. They paid me a nice sum of Rs.7500 as arrears due. I decided to use that and buy me a RAZR on June 11, 2006.

At the time I thought that it has the best design & shape of any cell phone that I had ever seen. However – it felt a bit of a strech to hold it in your hands. If you were used to smaller phones all you cellphone using life, then you’d need a little bit of getting used to the width of this phone. Having used to very palm-friendly handsets until now (the Motorola T190, Samsung R220, Nokia 1100 & Sony Ericsson K500i), the RAZR felt a little too elongated in my hands. Not that I am complainning that much, it goes along with the territory of having a clamshell phone. Although the Motorola V600 or V620 may be a little less lengthier.

The colour of this particular model also irked me a bit – they did not have any other colour available with them. It was kinda purplely but dark and therefore quite dull. Black would have been sleek, sexy and suited the handset a lot more. Silver also would have been very cool. There is a pink one, but I’m not a girl or gay! The width of the phone prevented me from being really comfortable in browsing WAP sites while lying down. It became really tiring and your hand and fingers get tired after a few minutes. No doubt, at that time, one of the most popular models of handsets in the world, can tire out your fingers if you are a person who tries to do that for a long duration. And opening the phone with only one hand took some doing and getting used to; closing the phone was much easier though.

The keypad with it’s glowing keys is very StarTrekey. However the style of the keypad makes it less likely to get damaged or faded. Mp3s play on the RAZR very well and the included earphones are great. The 246 MB Memory card (can be updated to 512 MB) is spacious enough for about 40-50 songs depending on the size of the files. I loved that phone!

My 4th Mobile Phone

My first phone on which I could get data. Recommended by some guys who worked with me at Idea. Everyone seemed to be getting colour screens and the ability to connect to data by their mobile provider, except me. Well a couple of us.

So I traded in my Samsung R220 and got a small discount on this phone – the Sony Ericsson W800i. Announced in Q2 of 2005, I got this phone towards October of the same year. With a toggle button and scroller in the middle and a small screen, it was though awesome musically. Ofcourse it didn’t even have much space for mp3s but what few songs I had on it played loudly and clearly. 512 MB I guess is what it had with a 2GB external memory card slot for extension possible.

Some features.  Bluetooth, MP3/AAC player, up to 30h playback if the phone is switched off, Video player, WAP 2.0, FM radio with RDS, Image viewer, Picture editor, Organiser, Voice memo, USB port, SyncML & Built-in handsfree. I don’t remember how much it cost but I payed in installments and I loved this phone until mid 2006 when I got another phone.

Yes I have changed phones quite often!

My Second Mobile Phone

Yesterday I did a nostalgic look back at the very first mobile phone that I bought which was the Motorola T190. Having bought that on 6th of August 2003, and although I loved it, I would soon part with it. It was sturdy little bugger, even fell down a huge step of stairs in my home without even a tiny scratch on it. But it was very cumbersome to type on, especially if you had nails that were even slightly long. Also you couldn’t download ringtones on it.

I had seen a couple of people at the Escotel (which would later be bought out by Idea) office with the Samsung R220 phone so I decided to buy that. So in early March of 2004, I sold off my Motorola T190 cellphone and got a new Samsung R220 that finally has me using a more user friendly phone. Using the R220 is a breeze, but I will miss the Motorola always. The R220 has these comfortable flat buttons that you could type on easily and it was a nice phone.

From what I read, it was launched in 2001 and came with blue back-lighting, which distinguished itself from the other monochrome graphic phones. Also, I could now download ringtones of songs (at that time it was the midi version of songs) and what we called picture SMS. It even had 3 games inbuilt into it which I liked and played a lot. I remember getting the Sweet Child O’ Mine tone as my ringtone as well later that year.

My First Mobile Phone

Do you guys remember the very first cell phone/mobile phone that you ever owned? Especially if like me you have 4 decades or so on your life. I know the exact date that I bought it too. I bought my phone on a Wednesday, 6th of August 2003. It helps if you have been blogging regularly since 2002!

I was working for a company called Aspinwall at the time and I waited for 4 months of getting paid (my first proper full salary as previously I had only had smaller salaries + incentives and then the previous place had issues with their salary) and having waited eagerly for so long to get one, I bought this one. I waited for my shift to get over at 6 am and then got the bus from Fort Kochi to Penta Menaka. Then I drank coffee and had breakfast to keep me awake until 10 am and the stores to open.

Once they opened, I went in to the biggest store and asked for phones in my budget. The Motorola (and they were a huge and safe option at the time) was exactly Rs.3000 which was my budget and I said “sold”. I also bought a new prepaid SIM from Escotel (which later was bought out by Idea and which would much later be merged with Vodafone) and went home. During the bus ride home I just kept staring at the box, excited but tired since I was feeling sleepy. Once I reached home I activated my sim in the new phone and shared my number with my cousins and friends.

Creating The Perfect Home Cinema In Your New Home

The day has come, you’ve finally moved to a bigger place and your DVD collection finally has the space it deserves. Now, you can start to think about creating the ultimate home cinema, so you can watch movies in the way they were meant to be seen.

But where do you start? What equipment do you need and how much should you spend?

Set a realistic budget

When it comes to building a home cinema, your ambitions need to match your bank balance. Moving home can be expensive but you might be able to use some of your Home Buyer Rebate or pick up bargains in the sales around Black Friday and Cyber Monday.

If you are determined to get top of the line equipment, you may have to build your home cinema slowly over time, adding equipment when you can afford to.

Dedicate a space

Ideally, you’ll have a space you can devote to your movie watching, perhaps an attic or a spare room. If space is an issue you can still adapt your living room. If you can, try and dedicate a space that is rectangular as the acoustics will be better than in a square room.

Are You Sitting Comfortably?

You’re going to need something to sit on when enjoying your home cinema. It’s really a matter of personal taste.  Some people like to lie down on a comfortable sofa or a reclining chair, you can use a large beanbag or just a standard armchair. Make sure you’ve got extra room for all your friends and family who are likely to be there with you too.

Where you put your seat is important too. To establish to ideal viewing angle, imagine two lines that extend forwards from the edges of the screen, the ideal angle is about 35 degrees. If the angle is less than 30 degrees you’ll be distracted by other things in the rooms and if you have an angle greater than 40 degrees the screen might feel a bit overwhelming for the space.

Projector or TV?

You can get some huge TV screens now with 4K LED screens of 75 inches becoming affordable for many people. If you’re looking for a new or second-hand TV, go for a full HD version and stick to LED rather than plasma. However, if you want a viewing screen that is over 90 inches but doesn’t cost half as much as a new apartment, then a projector screen is what you need. If you do go with a projector screen and projector, you need to pay more attention to the levels of light in your room. When using a projector screen, experts recommend that you place your main speakers behind the screen.

Other things to consider

There are many other things that you should think about when designing your cinema room, including:

  • Soundproofing
  • Sound system
  • Lighting
  • Shelving for your equipment
  • High-speed internet access for streaming

Now that you’ve designed your perfect home cinema, the biggest decision you’ll have to make is what to watch.

My Life Is A WebEx Meeting Room

With Covid-19 and the pandemic hitting us, a lot of us are working from home. As I conduct a lot of training batches I need a virtual tool to let me talk to and chat with the trainees. My company has gotten me a Webex license so that I can send the link to my trainees and have them use that to hear my voice and attend the sessions. I share share documents and I can share my screen so I can show them the ropes of the work that they are expected to do. I can also see them if they enable the webcam and they can see me as well.

Ever since I got my license and therefore my own meeting room, it has become easy to have trainees attend my sessions. Also it is easy for my team members to join in and discuss things that need to be done and sharing reports and stuff like that. I love this interface as if you have a good brandband connection you can easily work from home.

Cisco Webex is an American company that develops and sells web conferencing and videoconferencing applications. It was founded as WebEx in 1995 and taken over by Cisco Systems in 2007. Its headquarters is in Milpitas, California.