RIP Jimmy “Superfly” Snuka

Former professional wrestler Jimmy Snuka has has died, aged 73. The Fijian who was popularly known as “Superfly” had been living in hospice care and was told in late 2016 that he had just months to live. Snuka wrestled for several promotions from the 1970s to 2010s. He was best known for his time in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) in the early to mid-1980s and was credited with introducing the high-flying style of wrestling to the WWF.[1] He was inducted into the WWF Hall of Fame in 1996. Snuka was the first WrestleMania opponent of The Undertaker (at the seventh annual event), this being the first match in The Undertaker’s undefeated WrestleMania streak. Snuka was the inaugural ECW Heavyweight Champion (a title he held twice) in Eastern Championship Wrestling (later Extreme Championship Wrestling). His children, Jimmy Reiher, Jr. and Tamina Snuka, are also wrestlers.

Snuka was indicted and arrested in September 2015 on third-degree murder and involuntary manslaughter charges, in relation to the May 1983 death of his girlfriend, Nancy Argentino, who died from injuries a coroner described as consistent with domestic violence. In the decades before the criminal charges, Argentino’s suspected homicide was a cold case in which Snuka was the only suspect. Snuka pleaded not guilty, but was ultimately found unfit to stand trial in June 2016 due to being diagnosed with dementia. His health had further declined, and in December 2016 his legal representative announced he had 6 months left to live due to his terminal illness. The charges were dismissed on January 3, 2017, when Snuka was deemed unfit to stand trial. He died twelve days later.

Snuka was the part-owner of Body Slam University and Coastal Championship Wrestling in South Florida with Dan Ackerman and Bruno Sassi. He wrote an autobiography, Superfly: The Jimmy Snuka Story, which was published on December 1, 2012. Snuka was married three times. His second marriage was to Sharon, with whom he had four children: Sarona, James, Jr., Liana, and Ata. His third marriage was to Carole on September 4, 2004.[78] He was stepfather to Carole’s three children: Bridget, Richard, and Dennis.


RIP Mr. Fuji

The WWE announced on their website that Hall of Famer Harry Fujiwara, known to WWE fans as Mr. Fuji, passed away this morning at the age of 82. He was infamous for often throwing salt in the eyes of face wrestlers. Although he was billed as Japanese, he was a Japanese American born in Hawaii. Fuji spent more than 30 years entertaining fans worldwide as both an in-ring competitor and one of WWE’s greatest managers. A five-time WWE World Tag Team Champion, Fuji was infamous for keeping small bags of salt in his tights which he would throw into his opponents’ eyes. After retiring from the ring, Fuji managed a litany of WWE’s most feared Superstars, such as George “The Animal” Steele, Kamala, Killer Khan, Demolition, The Powers of Pain, Yokozuna and most notably, “Magnificent” Don Muraco. With Muraco, Fuji treated WWE fans to the classic Fuji Vice, Fuji General, Fuji Bandito and Fuji Chan series. These series were ahead of their time because spoofing successful television shows as they tried to break into Hollywood was the epitome of sports-entertainment.

His career will be remembered by different generations for different reasons but Mr. Fuji, whether as a Superstar or manager, is one of the most entertaining performers in the history of WWE. Fuji’s greatest success and popularity as a manager came in November 1992 when he introduced the mammoth Yokozuna to the WWF. Under Fuji’s tutelage, Yokozuna won the 1993 Royal Rumble match and two WWF World Championships, first from Bret Hart at WrestleMania IX, and again from Hulk Hogan at King of the Ring.[1] Later that year, Fuji was joined by “spokesman” James E. Cornette. In late 1993, Fuji once again began managing Crush after he turned on Randy Savage. During this time he again changed his appearance, abandoning the tuxedo and bowler hat in favor of a traditional Japanese kimono and carrying the Japanese flag.

Fuji was last seen accompanying Yokozuna to the ring for a six-man tag team match involving Yokozuna against “Camp Cornette” at WrestleMania 12. By this point Yokozuna had fired Cornette and became a fan favorite; Fuji joined him in the endeavor, even carrying the American flag at times. Fuji left the WWF shortly after and retired from the pro wrestling business.After leaving wrestling, Fujiwara retired to the city of Knoxville, Tennessee. In 1997, he sued the makers of the video game WCW vs. nWo World Tour, claiming that the character “Master Fuji” was based on him. Though the basis of this character was actually Japanese wrestler Yoshiaki Fujiwara (no relation), it was actually close enough to Mr. Fuji that the lawsuit was settled in Fujiwara’s favor.


RIP Joanie Laurer Aka Chyna

The official page of former WWE star Joanie “Chyna” Laurer is reporting the former WWE star has passed away at the age of 45. Laurer’s manager has confirmed she was found dead Wednesday at her home in Redondo Beach, California, but the exact cause of death is unknown at this stage. Sources close to the situation claim Chyna had been on medication for anxiety and sleep deprivation and the possibility of an overdose is being investigated.

She became a wrestling star after debuting in 1995, and her close bond with Triple H saw her become one of the original members of D-Generation X — the famous tag team comprised of herself, Triple H, Shawn Michaels and Rick Rude. She was one of the biggest drawcards for WWE, even going on to fight in singles matches against the men. She won several belts, including the Intercontinental championship. Such was her success and popularity she was promoted as the “Ninth Wonder of the World”. Her fame on the wrestling stage helped her branch out into other areas once her career finished.

She appeared on reality TV program The Surreal Life more than a decade ago, then went into the porn industry, releasing six films between 2004-2013. The relationship between Triple H, her former real-life boyfriend, and Stephanie McMahon (with whom Laurer claims he had an affair and then left her for), was a major factor in her dismissal. She left the WWF on November 30, 2001, several months after she had been taken off of television. In 2007, then-WWE employee Jim Ross claimed that she was not fired, but rather chose to leave for personal reasons. Laurer, in a 2015 interview with Vince Russo, stated that after a meeting with Vince McMahon about the Stephanie McMahon situation, she was sent home and was later sent a fax telling her that she was not needed anymore.

In 2002, Laurer joined New Japan Pro Wrestling and made her first appearance at the New Japan Thirtieth Anniversary Show, refereeing a bout between the Steiner Brothers and Hiroshi Tanahashi and Kensuke Sasaki. In September and October 2002, she wrestled several matches for the promotion. During the May 3, 2011, tapings of the May 12 edition of Impact!, Chyna made her TNA debut, introduced by the returning Spike TV network consultant Mick Foley. He introduced her as Kurt Angle’s business associate (she had been previously referred to as his Mistress) and tag team partner at Sacrifice, where they would face Jeff Jarrett and Karen Jarrett. During the taping she also took part in a battle royal, from which she eliminated Jeff.


RIP “Rowdy” Roddy Piper

The Wrestling world loses another legend taken much before his time. Legend and cult-film favorite “Rowdy” Roddy Piper has died after suffering a heart attack at his Hollywood home at the age of 61. He earned the nickname “Rowdy” by displaying his trademark “Scottish” rage, spontaneity and quick wit. Despite being a crowd favorite for his rock star-like persona, he often played a villain. Aside from his ring name, he was also known by the nickname “Hot Rod”.

Born Roderick George Toombs, in Saskatoon (Saskatchewan) Canada, Roddy Piper rose to success as a member of the World Wrestling Federation after working in various lower-tiered pro-wrestling organizations, including the National Wrestling Alliance, throughout the ’70s. After joining the WWF in 1984, Piper started out as a manager for up-and-coming combatants in the squared circle. Toombs’ character, “Rowdy,” was perpetually clad in a T-shirt emblazoned with the words “Hot Rod” and a kilt; he would enter the ring to a bagpipe theme and say he heralded from “Glasgow, Scotland,” despite actually being raised in Winnipeg. Piper headlined several major pay-per-view events; he participated in the main events of WrestleMania I and WrestleMania X – as a special guest referee in the latter. Never a world champion, he nevertheless accumulated 34 championships in various promotions during his career. Piper was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2005 and named No. 1 of the Top 50 villains in wrestling history by WWE.

A formidable opponent in the ring, Piper truly found his calling as a trash-talking shit starter when he began hosting “Piper’s Pit,” a segment where Piper would insult and antagonize other members of the WWF universe. Some of the more infamous segments on his talk show-inspired segment included being manhandled by Andre The Giant after insinuating that the big guy may not be very intelligent and smashing a coconut over “Superfly” Jimmy Snuka’s head. He also starred in several movies including Hell Comes To Frogtown, Body Slam & They Live. He leaves behind his wife Kitty, 4 children and a grandchild.

Roderick “Roddy” George Toombs (April 17, 1954 – July 30, 2015)


RIP Dusty Rhodes

Virgil Runnels, which was the real name of one of the most colourful characters in WWE history, has passed away. Dusty Rhodes, who was also referred to as the “American Dream, had a long and glittering career, which began in the late 1960s, earned him a place in the WWE Hall of Fame. “Runnels became a hero to fans around the world thanks to his work ethic, his impassioned interviews and his indomitable spirit,” said WWE. The statement went on to describe him as a “creative visionary who helped shape the landscape of WWE” long after his retirement from the ring.

Runnels became a hero to fans around the world thanks to his work ethic, his impassioned interviews and his indomitable spirit. Moreover, Runnels was a dedicated father to WWE Superstars Goldust (Dustin Runnels) and Stardust (Cody Runnels), a caring husband and a creative visionary who helped shape the landscape of WWE long after his in-ring career had ended. Rhodes rose to fame as a rotund, easy-bleeding, easy talking-workin’ man, a wrestler for the common man. He didn’t have the chiseled body some associate with today’s wrestlers. He was a good-guy wrestler, often battling heels like Superstar Billy Graham, Blackjack Mulligan, Harley Race and The Four Horsemen, who were led by Ric Flair. Rhodes liked to pitch himself as the son of a plumber from Austin, Texas, and an everyman who became the extremely popular champion of the National Wrestling Alliance three times in the 1970s and 1980s.

In his first match he fought Reggie Parks and was paid $15 for a 20-minute match that ended in a draw. He eventually would team with Dick Murdoch in 1968 as the Texas Outlaws, a bad-guy tag team known to cheat their opponents. Back then, there were several wrestling circuits, and Rhodes kept a busy schedule before emerging as a star in Florida for the NWA and eventually World Championship Wrestling. He moved on to the World Wrestling Federation (now the WWE) in the ’80s, and wrestled on several other circuits before coming back to the WWE in the mid-2000s. He will be remembered for the spirited and often hilarious in-studio interviews he would give to wrestling commentators to promote upcoming matches. Rhodes was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2007.


The WWE’s Moving Tribute To SuperFan Connor

You usually hear a lot of negativity regarding the world of wrestling what with the drugs and early death. This is what the WWE did for a small boy battling cancer.

In 2012, then-7-year-old Connor Michalek made a YouTube video requesting to meet his favorite WWE wrestler Daniel Bryan. Michalek, who suffered from pediatric brain cancer, went backstage when Monday Night Raw came to Pittsburgh that December and made Bryan tap out. It wasn’t the last time Michalek would get to hang out with Bryan, though. The week before WrestleMania XXX this April, the WWE invited Connor to Monday Night Raw in Washington D.C. Before the show started, Connor got to walk down the ramp with Bryan as WWE superstars chanted his name. Inside the ring Connor hit Triple H with a punch and pinned him.

Connor made it to WrestleMania XXX and saw Bryan capture the WWE World Heavyweight Championship. Just a few weeks later, he lost his battle with cancer. If you don’t have tears by the end of this video, I think you should check your pulse.

RIP Connor Michalek.


RIP The Ultimate Warrior

Former wrestler James Brian Hellwig more famously and later officially known as The Ultimate Warrior or just Warrior has passed away. He was just 54. Warrior was best known for his appearances in the World Wrestling Federation (now WWE) from 1987 to 1991 and again in 1992 and 1996, and in World Championship Wrestling (WCW) in 1998. Warrior passed away on April 8th, 2014 at the age of 54. After a brief bodybuilding career, Hellwig joined a few fellow bodybuilders, including Steve Borden aka Sting, who were trying to make the transition to wrestling. He began his professional wrestling career as Jim “Justice” Hellwig of Powerteam USA in 1985 and performed for smaller promotions he debut for WCW in 86 and stayed till he moved to the WWF/E in 1987 where he got an early push.

Less than a year after his WWF television debut, Warrior won the prestigious Intercontinental Championship, defeating The Honky Tonk Man in 27 seconds at the first ever SummerSlam on August 29, 1988. The Warrior was heralded as the wrestler to become the biggest star of the 1990s, and the successor to Hulk Hogan, who had remained wrestling’s biggest star throughout the 1980s and went on to defeat Hogan at Wrestlemania VI after a Warrior Splash to become the first, and as of 2013, only wrestler to hold the WWF Intercontinental and World Championships simultaneously. Warrior would go on to feud with Savage, and the rivalry culminated in a ‘Career Ending’ match at WrestleMania VII with the Warrior victorious, forcing Savage to retire. Apparently disputes over his high payment demands and royalties led to him being suspended in 1991 until his return mid 1992. Between November 1992 and July 1995, Warrior was semi-retired. During his time away from the WWF, Warrior opened the short-lived “Warrior University”, a professional wrestling school based in Scottsdale, Arizona. Though he made brief returns since he retired in 1999 and has been a motivations speaker & writing comics.

On April 5, 2014, the Ultimate Warrior was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame Class of 2014.  Warrior appeared at WrestleMania XXX and delivered a promo on Raw the next night. He’s been married twice and has two daughter with his second wife. Warrior collapsed outside of an Arizona hotel at approximately 5:50 p.m. on April 8, 2014. He was reported to be walking with his wife to his car during the moment of his initial collapse and was pronounced dead at the hospital. Cause of death not given at this time.

Warrior (June 16, 1959 – April 8, 2014), born James Brian Hellwig


The Rock & the New WWE Championship Belt

When I first started this blog I was still hugely into wrestling and the WWE. Now, not so much. I haven’t watched a full show in over 4 years but I tried following it once in a while. I still like a lot of the wrestlers that I used to watch. Anyway, here is the Rock debuting his new for 2013 WWE Championship Belt. I think it rocks (pun intended) hard and is a massive improvement on the previous one.


RIP Macho Man Randy Savage

The WWE & Wrestling world says goodbye to a legend – Macho Man Randy Savage died today. TMZ, who reported on his death first, reported that Savage suffered a heart attack around 10:00 AM while driving on a highway in Seminole, Florida, (a Tampa Bay suburb) before losing control of the vehicle and crashing. This report was later confirmed by Savage’s brother, Lanny Poffo. According to the Florida Highway Patrol, Savage was driving a 2009 Jeep Wrangler when he “veered across a concrete median … through oncoming traffic … and collided head-on with a tree”. His wife Lynn was a passenger, but she survived with “minor injuries”. According to officials, both were wearing their seat belts at the time.

Born Randall Mario Poffo to an Italian-American father & a Jewish mother, became famous throughout the world for his stints with the WWE (then known as the WWF), WCW and a brief time with TNA. Savage held twenty championships during his professional wrestling career and is a seven-time world champion: a two-time WWF Champion, four-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion, and one-time USWA Unified World Heavyweight Champion. Also a one-time WWF Intercontinental Champion, WWE has named Savage the greatest Intercontinental champion of all time and credited him for bringing “a higher level of credibility to the title through his amazing in-ring performances. He was also the 1987 King of the Ring winner.

For much of his tenures in the WWF and WCW, he was managed by his real life wife, “Miss Elizabeth” Hulette. Savage was also recognizable for his raspy voice, his colourful ring attire (robes, sunglasses, bandana & cowboys hats), intensity and exaggerated way of speaking, punctuating his interviews with “oooh yeah!”. He was an entertainer and a crowd puller. His feuds with Ric Flair, Jake The Snake Roberts and Hulk Hogan are legendary but his crowning moment was a fantastic match which he lost to Ultimate Warrior at Wrestlemania VII (1991). I remember that match as being one of the very best I have ever seen.

Randy, we will all miss you. Rest in Peace.

Randall Mario Poffo aka Macho Man Randy Savage (November 15, 1952 – May 20, 2011)


Adam ‘Edge’ Copeland Retires From WWE

After 19 years of going through hell and back several times over & getting every body part injured, bruised or broken, WWE’s World Heavyweight Champion Edge (real name Adam Copeland) announced his retirement from professional wrestling on the 11th of April. On that day’s episode of RAW in Bridgeport, CT, Edge announced that he had been diagnosed with spinal stenosis and would therefore follow his doctor’s advice and retire from professional wrestling, vacating the World Heavyweight Championship in the process.

Leading up to this announcement, he had reflected upon his previous neck injury where his cervical vertebrae had been fused, and mentioned feeling numbness in his arms and losing feeling in them. This was diagnosed as cervical spinal stenosis. Ironically, just about a week before that, Edge had defeated Alberto del Rio i a itle match and defended his belt at Wrestlemania 27. Even more ironically just 2 days before this announcement, I had posted a video of his appearance on George Stroumbolopulous’s talk show, which was shot just a few days before Wrestlemania 27.

Overall, Edge has won 31 Championships in WWE, including eleven World Championships (four WWE Championships and a record seven World Heavyweight Championships), five Intercontinental Championships, one United States Championship, 14 Tag Team Championships (a record 12 World Tag Team Titles and two WWE Tag Team Championships), and is one of two wrestlers (Kurt Angle being the other) who has held every currently active male Championship in WWE. He has also won the 2001 King of the Ring tournament, the inaugural Money in the Bank ladder match in 2005, and the Royal Rumble match in 2010 making him the only wrestler in history to win all three all those accomplishments.

Thanks for all the memories and we wish you best of luck in whatever you do next. Here is his retirement announcement.


Edge Wins 10th WWE World Title

The WWE pay-per-view event Tables, Ladders & Chairs took place last night in Houston, Texas.

Dolph Ziggler retained the Intercontinental Title by defeating Kofi Kingstonand Jack Swagger in a Ladder Match.

Natalya and Beth Phoenix defeated Lay-Cool in a Tables Match.

Tag Team Champions Santino Marella and Vladimir Kozlov beat Nexus members Heath Slater and Justin Gabriel by disqualification when Michael McGillicutty interfered.

Edge became a 10-time world champion as he defeated Kane, Rey Mysterioand Alberto Del Rio in a Tables, Ladders and Chairs Match to become the World Heavyweight Champion.

The Miz retained the WWE Championship by defeating Randy Orton in a Tables Match.

John Morrison become the No. 1 contender for the WWE Championship as he defeated Sheamus in a Ladder Match.

John Cena got a measure of revenge as he scored a dominant victory over Nexus leader Wade Barrett in a Chairs Match.


Night Of Champions 2010 – Match Card

I don’t watch much wrestling these last few years and as the months pass I watch lesser & lesser. But I always am interested in the story lines, match ups and characters but even more interesting are the pay-per-view events. September sees the Night Of Champions on the 19th and it promises to be very exciting indeed.

The main or headlining match heading into Night of Champions from the Raw brand features the defending champion Sheamus trying to fend off Randy Orton, John Cena, Edge, Wade Barrett and a to be decided 6th wrestler feuding over the WWE Championship. Chris Jericho was supposed to be the fifth announced by the new anonymous RAW general manager but last week, he participated in a match with John Morrison under the stipulation that he would be taken out of the Night of Champions match if he did not win. Jericho lost the match and was removed from the Six-Pack Challenge.

From Smackdown, champion Kane will defend his World Heavyweight Championship against his kayfabe brother the Undertaker. About three months ago, The Undertaker had been mysteriously put in a vegetative state. Upon finding out about this, Kane had attempted to seek vengeance against the culprit. Although Kane had initially accused Rey Mysterio to be the guilty party, it turned out to be Kane himself who put Taker out of commission for those 3 months. So now the Phenom is back and out for revenge against his half-sibling.

Other matches involves an interbrand affair with the Divas Champion Melina and the Women’s Champion Layla and Michelle McCool, collectively known as Team Lay-Cool, in a Title Unification Match. Also The Miz will defend his US Championship against his former rookie Daniel Bryan.


RIP Chris Kanyon

Christopher Klucsaritis  was an American professional wrestler, best known for his work in World Championship Wrestling and the World Wrestling Federation, under the ring names Chris Kanyon (or simply Kanyon) and Mortis. On April 2 Kanyon was found dead in his Sunnyside, Queens, New York apartment, due to an apparent overdose of some form of medication. Initial reports indicated a possible suicide.

Chris Kanyon (January 4, 1970 – April 2, 2010)


Wrestlemania XXVI Results

Wrestlemania is always one of the most talked about and viewed wrestling events the world over. I’ve been watching them, atleast clips, from 1985. I haven’t been able to catch this year’s show – Wrestlemania XXVI – as of yet but I’m sure Ten Sports will show it in a couple of days for us in India. But let’s look at the matches:

The Unified Tag-Team Titles: – Big Show & The Miz (c) defeats R-Truth & John Morrison – Big Show is bigger than the other 3 combined!

Triple-Threat Match: – Randy Orton defeats Cody Rhodes vs. Ted DiBiase Jr. – What’s this all about?

Money In The Bank Ladder Match: – Kofi Kingston vs. MVP vs. Evan Bourne vs. Jack Swagger vs. Shelton Benjamin vs. Matt Hardy vs. Dolph Ziggler vs. Drew McIntyre vs. Kane vs. Christian – Jack Swagger won this but the best option would have been if Christian won and push him for a title instead.

Triple H defeats. Sheamus – Sheamus is so boring, while like toothpaste but big as a horse! As expected HHH won.

Rey Mysterio defeats CM Punk – Has Punk won, Rey would have to have sworn allegiance to Punk’s stable. But he didn’t have too.

No Holds Barred: – Bret Hart defeats Vince McMahon – Ah, waiting for this for so many years! Vince says he’s bought off Bret’s family, as they come in to the ring. However Bret reveals that his family is there to pummel Vince….and they do. Bret wins and Montreal is finally laid to rest!

World Title – Chris Jericho (c) defeats Edge – I could have sworn that Edge, having won the Royal Rumble after returning from a long injury layoff and becoming a face after so many years, was sure to have beaten Jericho for the title. Oh Well!

WWE Title: – John Cena defeats Batista (c) – Bah humbug! The most moronic wrestler ever Cena wins the title again. Is he secretly Vince’s lover? Why else would you want to award the title to a rap reject several times?

Streak vs. Career: – The Undertaker defeats Shawn Michaels – very happy with this result. I know that retirement matches in the WWE are usually on;y temporary but I can’t help but wish that we have seen the last of HBK. Can’t stand him and that asshole Cena. Sigh, most probably Michaels will be back in a few months.


Jericho vs Edge For WHC @ Wrestlemania 26

I read earlier today that @ WWE Elimination Chamber, Chris Jericho won the World Heavyweight Championship in an Elimination Chamber match, lastly eliminating the titleholder The Undertaker following interference from Shawn Michaels. This was on Sunday. Couple of days later, Edge decided that he would take his option to challenge Jericho at WrestleMania.

At WrestleMania 26, Jericho will defend the Championship against Edge, who won the 2010 Royal Rumble Match. As part of kayfabe, there’s a lot of history between these two wrestlers, who I vote as my top two favourites for the past few years. Title matches against each other, former tag team parters….who knows what’s gonna happen on the biggest show in wrestling.


The Return Of The Hitman : From Wikipedia

On December 28, 2009, after weeks of speculation, surrounding Bret Hart and his presence in World Wrestling Entertainment, Chairman Vince McMahon announced that Hart would host the January 4, 2010 episode of Raw. Hart made his first appearance in WWE Raw in over 12 years by hosting the program and confronting Shawn Michaels and Vince McMahon regarding the Montreal Screwjob at Survivor Series in 1997. Hart and Michaels were able to agree on a truce, shaking hands and hugging.

While many cast doubts on the sincerity of their reconciliation, Hart has confirmed that it was indeed genuine. It also appeared that he had buried the hatchet with Vince later in the night, until Vince subsequently kicked Bret in the gut area (this was in fact part of a storyline, as Bret and Vince have been on speaking terms since 2006). Hart said of the ongoing storyline with McMahon: “I hate to tell you what’s going to happen… I don’t want to ruin it for anybody.”

During different encounters the following month, Hart and McMahon would reproduce similar events that occurred in the Montreal Screwjob: McMahon spat in Hart’s face (as Hart did to McMahon), and Hart then destroyed parts of the technical equipment that goes into producing Raw (as he did to the Survivor Series equipment). On the February 15th episode of Raw, Hart said goodbye and thank you to the WWE Universe and every WWE Superstar. Moments later as part of his kayfabe, Hart was getting into his limousine, a woman backed up her car right into the door and also Hart’s leg. It was confirmed on SmackDown that Hart sustained a broken left leg, as well as ligament and tendon damage.

What’s next for the Return of The Hitman?