Oil spills are one of the unintended consequences of the oil industry. But while they might not be intentional, they can still be devastating. An oil spill, even when it’s small, can affect the environment and society in a number of ways. It can cause long-term damage that often takes years to recover from.
Wildlife and the Environment
Most people are aware of how an oil spill can affect the environment, and particularly the marine environment. You have likely seen seabirds covered in oil or dead fish caused by oil spills. Oil spills are difficult to clean up and minimizing their impact on the environment can be difficult. They can affect marine mammals, birds, fish, beaches and other aquatic environments, and wildlife habitats and breeding grounds.
Human health can also be affected by oil spills. The effects of an oil spill can vary depending on various factors, including the type of oil and the amount of exposure to it. It can lead to skin problems, breathing problems, and stress. There are potentially long-term health effects of oil spills too, but not much is known about them if there are any.
The economy is another concern if an oil spill occurs. In particular, an oil spill can affect coastal and marine economies. This can range from fisheries to coastal real estate, with long-term effects often occurring. Businesses can be disrupted by damage to the environment or even their own stock, and oil spills can affect the reputation of the area too.
Infographic Design By University of Alabama Birmingham