What Is A Nanaimo Bar?

The Nanaimo bar is a bar dessert that requires no baking and is named after the Canadian city of Nanaimo in British Columbia. It consists of three layers: a wafer, nut (walnuts, almonds, or pecans), and coconut crumb base; custard icing in the middle; and a layer of chocolate ganache on top. Many varieties exist, consisting of various types of crumb, various flavours of icing (such as peanut butter or coconut, mocha), and various types of chocolate.

The earliest confirmed printed copy of the recipe using the name “Nanaimo bars” appears in the Edith Adams’ prize cookbook (14th edition) from 1953. In 1954, the recipe “Mabel’s Squares” was published in¬†The Country Woman’s Favourite by the Upper Gloucester Women’s Institute (New Brunswick). The recipe was submitted by Mrs. Harold Payne, the daughter of Mabel (Knowles) Scott (1883‚Äď1957). The popularity of the bar in Nanaimo led local residents to mobilise to have it voted “Canada’s Favourite Confection” in a¬†National Post reader survey. The Nanaimo bar was popularized nationwide after being highlighted as a classic Canadian dessert at¬†Expo 86.

In a bid to take advantage of the bar’s popularity, the city of Nanaimo launched a tasting trail much like Ontario has done for the butter tart. Different locations in and around Nanaimo serve different variations on the classic dessert, from flavours such as maple bacon and peanut butter to deep-fried Nanaimo bars, Nanaimo bar spring rolls, Nanaimo bar waffles and cheesecake and Nanaimo bar coffee and cocktails. Following a 2006 poll, the National Post declared the Nanaimo bar Canada’s favourite confection, beating out offerings such as Coffee Crisp, Beaver Tails, Cherry Blossoms, McCain’s Deep’n Delicious cake, Jos Louis, Tim Hortons’ Iced Capp, and Laura Secord chocolate.

What Is Bitmap? Why Should I Save Images In Bitmap Format

BMP (Bitmap) files are a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device. Here’s an overview of BMP files:

Key Features

  1. File Extension: The standard file extension for Bitmap files is .bmp.
  2. Format: BMP is a raster graphics format, which means it stores images as a grid of individual pixels.
  3. Compression: BMP files can be either uncompressed or compressed using RLE (Run-Length Encoding) compression. Uncompressed BMP files are typically larger in size compared to compressed formats like JPEG or PNG.
  4. Color Depth: BMP files support various color depths, ranging from monochrome (1-bit) to 24-bit color (16.7 million colors) and even 32-bit color with an alpha channel for transparency.
  5. Header: BMP files start with a header that contains metadata about the image, such as its width, height, color depth, and compression method.


A BMP file consists of the following main sections:

  1. File Header: This includes general information about the file, such as the file size and the starting point of the pixel data.
  2. DIB Header (Bitmap Information Header): This contains detailed information about the image itself, including dimensions, color planes, bit depth, and compression type.
  3. Color Palette: For images with 8-bit color depth or lower, this section stores a table of colors used in the image.
  4. Pixel Data: This is the actual bitmap data, representing the color of each pixel in the image.


  1. Simplicity: BMP files are straightforward and easy to read and write, making them a common choice for simple graphics applications.
  2. Quality: When uncompressed, BMP files retain all original image data without loss, preserving image quality.
  3. Compatibility: BMP is widely supported across various operating systems and applications, particularly on Windows.


  1. File Size: BMP files tend to be larger than other image formats because they often do not use compression, making them less suitable for web use or applications where storage space is a concern.
  2. Limited Features: Unlike more modern formats, BMP lacks advanced features such as extensive metadata support, layers, and advanced compression algorithms.

Common Uses

  • Windows Applications: BMP files are commonly used in Windows applications for storing simple graphics, icons, and screenshots.
  • Image Editing: Due to their simplicity, BMP files are often used in basic image editing and processing tasks.

Euro 2024 Germany : Looking Forward To A Great Tournament

And yes the Euros are upon us. This weekend see the start of a month long tournament where the best of the best in Europe, who have fought to become one of the 24, will duke it out to be crowned kings of Europe for the next four years. The¬†2024 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as¬†UEFA Euro 2024¬†(stylised as¬†UEFA EURO 2024) or simply¬†Euro 2024, will be the 17th edition of the¬†UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international¬†football¬†championship organised by¬†UEFA¬†for the¬†European men’s national teams of its member associations.

Germany¬†will host the tournament, which is scheduled to take place from 14 June 2024 to 14 July 2024, and the winner will later compete in the 2025¬†CONMEBOL‚ÄďUEFA Cup of Champions¬†against the¬†2024 Copa Am√©rica¬†winner. The tournament will comprise 24 teams, with¬†Georgia the only team making their European Championship finals debut. It will be the third time that European Championship matches are played on German territory and the second time in¬†reunified Germany, as¬†West Germany¬†hosted the tournament’s¬†1988¬†edition, and four matches of the multi-national¬†Euro 2020¬†were played in¬†Munich. It will be the first time the competition is held in what was formerly¬†East Germany¬†with¬†Leipzig¬†as a host city, as well as the first major tournament since the¬†2006 FIFA World Cup that a reunified Germany serves as a solo host nation.

Italy¬†are the defending champions, having won the¬†2020 tournament¬†against¬†England¬†on¬†penalties¬†in the¬†final. Look for them to be string contenders again along with France, who will want to win the Euros badly after losing the World Cup final to Argentina, England (who some have tipped to win it), Spain & hosts Germany. Netherlands will be the dark horse along with possibly Belgium and Portugal. Here’s to some excellent games.

Is It Worth It TO Upgrade To 4K From Bluray?

Upgrading to 4K Blu-ray can be worth it, depending on several factors. Here are some key considerations to help you decide:

Picture Quality


  • Resolution: 4K Blu-rays offer a resolution of 3840 x 2160 pixels, which is four times that of standard 1080p Blu-rays. This results in sharper, more detailed images.
  • High Dynamic Range (HDR): Many 4K Blu-rays come with HDR, which enhances the contrast and color range, making for more vivid and realistic visuals.
  • Wide Color Gamut (WCG): 4K Blu-rays often support a wider color gamut, providing more accurate and deeper colors.


  • Visible Difference: The improvement in picture quality is most noticeable on larger screens (55 inches or more) and may be less perceptible on smaller screens.

Audio Quality


  • Advanced Audio Formats: 4K Blu-rays typically support high-end audio formats like Dolby Atmos and DTS, offering a more immersive sound experience.

Content Availability


  • Growing Library: The library of 4K Blu-ray titles is steadily growing, including recent blockbusters and remastered classics.


  • Limited Selection: While the library is growing, it is still smaller compared to standard Blu-ray and streaming services.



  • Higher Prices: 4K Blu-rays are generally more expensive than standard Blu-rays.
  • New Hardware: Upgrading may require a new 4K Blu-ray player and possibly a 4K HDR-compatible TV, which adds to the cost.

It Was Cheaper To Have Fun In The late 2000s

So in 2006, September, just 10 days after my parents and I moved from our house to this current apartment that we are living in, I had decided to have a day out in the city. A shave and shower later and by 11:30 or so I was off to start my day out at a cafe nearby, which was Cafe Coffee Day. At the cafe I had a couple of cookies and a big cup of Kaap Nirvana, which is a large frappe. After about 45 mins there, I walked the few feet to both Planet M & Music World, which were stores that I used to frequent to buy buy music cds and dvd, and bought a 2 cd best of The Scorpions and Iron Maiden’s new album, respectively.

Then I went to Men’s Studio and bought a pair of light brown jeans and two shirts plus a couple of underwear(!!) and while the jeans was being altered to my length specifications, I decided to go for lunch.
The Oberio bar & restaurant is quite nearby and I popped in to a very crowded room for a couple of vodkas and had some ginger chicken & a plate of noodles, which I noted was very good.

Now in 2007 the coffee and cookie would have cost me less than ? 300 and the cds would have been around ?800. The two shirts and jeans would have been around ?1500 and  the food would have cost me around ?500 or less! If I did all that today, I would be ?7700 poorer! The frappe and cookies at Starbucks would be around ?700, the cds would be around ?1000, the two shirts around ?3000 and the jeans ?2000 and finally the two drinks and food would be around ?1200! Wow!

Five Snapping & Breaking Fun Facts About KitKats

First developed 80 years ago as “Rowntree‚Äôs Chocolate Crisp,” the Kit Kat bar has become a staple in grocery and convenience stores the world over. And while the marketing slogans and catchy jingles have¬†changed over the years, that shareable chocolate-and-wafer design hasn‚Äôt. So take a break from whatever you‚Äôre doing and indulge in a few facts.


Founded in the late 1690s, London‚Äôs¬†Kit-Cat Club¬†was a gathering of Whig party supporters and literary minds that met regularly at a pie shop on Shire Lane. The owner, Christopher Catling, specialized in making meat pies that everyone called “kit cats,” after an abbreviated version of his name. Fast-forward two centuries¬†when Joseph Rowntree, co-founder of the Rowntree‚Äôs candy company, zeroed in on the name and¬†secured the title trademark in 1911. It‚Äôs not clear whether the famous club directly influenced Rowntree or not (or whether the popular Kappa Alpha Theta myth‚ÄĒthat Rowntree’s wife was a sorority member, and the name was an endearing acronym for Keep In Touch, Kappa Alpha Theta‚ÄĒhad any part). In any case, the term “kit kat”¬†had seen a resurgence in jazz age London. There was a Kit Kat nightclub at the time, as well as a Kit Kat band that drew regular crowds.


After trademarking the names ‚ÄúKit Kat‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúKit Cat‚ÄĚ in 1911, Rowntree proceeded to sit on them for a decade. In the 1920s, he came out with¬†boxes of chocolates¬†called Kit Cat that appeared on shelves for several years before¬†being discontinued. In 1935, Rowntree‚Äôs introduced a chocolate wafer divided into four sections, or ‚Äúfingers,‚ÄĚ and called it Rowntree‚Äôs Chocolate Crisp. Two years later, the company changed the name to Kit Kat Chocolate Crisp.


The Kit Kat‚Äôs unique square-ish shape came about because Rowntree‚Äôs wanted to make a bar that workers could stuff inside their lunch sacks. An employee at Rowntree‚Äôs proposed¬†the idea: ‚ÄúA chocolate bar that a man could take to work in his pack up (packed lunch).‚ÄĚ The company developed the shape, further distinguished it by dividing it into four sections, and wrapped it all inside bright red packaging.


In an age when candy bars were often promoted as meal replacements, Rowntree‚Äôs marketed Kit Kat bars as ‚Äúthe biggest little meal.‚ÄĚ To appeal to those who preferred it as a snack, Rowntree‚Äôs also came up with the slogan ‚Äúthe best companion to a cup of tea.‚ÄĚ That concept of taking a tea break would help inspire an even more effective slogan in later years.


During World War II, a shortage of milk forced Rowntree‚Äôs to switch from milk chocolate to¬†dark chocolate¬†in its Kit Kat bars. To signify the change, the company changed the wrapper from red to blue and dropped ‚ÄúChocolate Crisp‚ÄĚ from its title. They also offered a somber, spin-free¬†message to customers: ‚ÄúBecause no milk can be obtained for chocolate manufacture, the Chocolate Crisp you knew in peace-time can no longer be made. Kit Kat is the nearest possible product at the present time.‚ÄĚ

My Relationship With Milk

June 1 is also World Milk Day. Do a roundup of your favourite milk recipes.

My relationship with milk is very typical I guess. Growing up yes I had it a lot – as just straight up warm milk in a glass in the morning along with breakfast and sometimes in the evening too. Many a times we were given boost or Maltova or Ovaltine but it was usually just milk. At times I would ask for chocolate or strawberry flavoured milk, although the latter was more loved by my sister.

As I reached 12 I started drinking coffee and usually drank my coffee with milk – once in the morning before breakfast and once in the evening with a snack. That is the way it has been for quite a long time. By the time I was in my early 20s I started drinking more black coffee, which my mother doesn’t condone. And for a while, I spent most of my coffee drinking at home black but whenever I went to cafes ofcourse I usually had them with milk in it – except for the odd Irish Coffee.

And then in my late 30s to early 40s, I drank mostly black but now have changed it yet again to more milk based coffee at home and outside. It just tastes better and I need the calcium. The odd time I get a flavoured milk, which is what – once a year? – it is usually a chocolate milk.

Prompt from 30 Blog Post Ideas for June at The Frangipani Creative

SCARIEST PLACES IN THE WORLD : Hoia Baciu, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Forget Count Dracula‚Äôs castle; Transylvania‚Äôs really frightful place is a ‚Äėhaunted‚Äô forest. This is Hoia Baciu, just outside Cluj-Napoca, Romania‚Äôs second city in the depths of Transylvania. It has been called the creepiest forest in the world. And The Clearing is, allegedly, the creepiest place in the forest. Warped trees fill this forest, their skeletal figures twisting and spiraling, making it seem as though they‚Äôre contorting themselves to reach out and touch you. An eerie silence fills the air, interrupted only by the footsteps of unseen figures. It defies the investigations of soil scientists and attracts Romanian witches, sword-wielding Americans, and people who try to cleanse the forest of evil through the medium of yoga.

Named after a shepherd who went missing in the forest with a flock of 200 sheep, Hoia Baciu came to international attention in 1968 when Emil Barnea, a military technician, photographed what he claimed was a UFO hovering over The Clearing. What differentiates this story from other UFO claims is that Barnea had nothing to gain from reporting the sighting, and everything to lose. The Communist government equated a belief in the paranormal with madness and state-sabotage, and Barnea lost his job in a country which had no support for the sacked. Today, visitors to the forest report strange symptoms ‚Äď nausea, anxiety, the feeling of being watched ‚Äď and the failure of electronic devices.

‚ÄúEctoplasms‚ÄĚ are routinely seen by joggers brave enough to enter. There are pictures of the forest photobombed by shadowy figures. One shows a man in the traditional dress of northern Romania ‚Äď a very local ghost. One tale tells of a young girl who disappeared into the forest, only to reappear five years later unable to remember where she had been. Another legend speaks of a shepherd who, along with his sheep, vanished within the woods. And, with most places associated with the supernatural, there are also rumors of alien encounters.

Starting A New Process & Client At Work,New Work Laptop

So, wish me luck on a new adventure – well sort off. I’ve been at my current company for 9.5 years now and I worked for a client process (a huge Multinational that all of you are very familiar with) for over 7 of that! A couple of weeks ago, a couple of months after me asking for priority on day shifts due to my health, I was told that I could move to a new process that would start in Kochi at our offices in June. I agreed after thinking about it and last week, it was confirmed to me. I informed my teammates and some other people in my process that I would be making the move.

So this Monday I moved to the new project and client that is just starting up in our office. It’s a huge relief to be free of the previous one as the paper work is quite demanding and they make silly decisions. I had wanted a change mainly due to my health issue – my doctor even suggested that I should avoid late night work. With this new project I get that plus I will be working from home a lot once things settle. I started and completed the training that a trainer from our Alexandria, Egypt offices took me through. As this process is already up and running for almost 2 years in Egypt they will be guiding us for the initial months.

So the past 5 days I have been sitting with this lady and learning the process. Thursday I got my new work laptop, which is an HP Probook 14 in device. I have gotten it setup and got myself partly certified on the process. Next week, I will shadow this trainer while she trains the first 16 new employees on the process and I will also complete the second part of my certification.

The 5 Times That The Edmonton Oilers Have Lifted Lord Stanley’s Cup

No Canadian team has won the Stanley Cup since June 9, 1993 when Montreal finished off the Wayne Gretzky-led Los Angeles Kings, 4-1, in the best-of-7 series. The Edmonton Oilers will be the latest Canadian-based franchise seeking to break that hex when they face the Florida Panthers in Game 1 of the Stanley Cup Final on Saturday. The Oilers have lifted Lord Stanley’s chalice five times (1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990) and the Panthers are seeking their first title.

The Oilers dominated the NHL during the 1983‚Äď84 season, finishing first overall with a franchise record 57 wins and 119 points. In the playoffs, they swept the¬†Winnipeg Jets, defeated the¬†Calgary Flames¬†in seven games, and swept the Minnesota North Stars in the conference finals. The Oilers secured their first Stanley Cup by winning three consecutive games in Edmonton before being 1-1 against the¬†New York Islanders in the Finals. Mark Messier received the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoff MVP.

During the 1984‚Äď85 season, the Oilers finished second overall with 49 wins and 109 points.¬†Wayne Gretzky¬†led the NHL in goals, and the team swept the Los Angeles Kings and Winnipeg Jets in the playoffs. In the Stanley Cup Finals, they lost the first game to the¬†Philadelphia Flyers but won the next four, clinching their second consecutive Stanley Cup. Paul Coffey set records for most goals, assists, and points by a defenseman in a playoff year.

In the 1986‚Äď87 season, the Oilers secured their second straight Presidents’ Trophy with 50 wins and 106 points. They faced the Philadelphia Flyers again in the Stanley Cup Finals. After a tough battle, the Oilers won Game 7, and Ron Hextall of the Flyers won the Conn Smythe Trophy. This marked their third Stanley Cup victory. The Oilers underwent changes losing star players but still excelled in the 1987‚Äď88 season, finishing third overall. In the playoffs, they defeated the Winnipeg Jets, Calgary Flames, and¬†Detroit Red Wings¬†in the Campbell Conference Final. The Oilers swept the¬†Boston Bruins in the Stanley Cup Finals, and Wayne Gretzky won the Conn Smythe Trophy.

The 1989‚Äď90 Edmonton Oilers, navigating a transitional period after Wayne Gretzky’s departure, marked a defining chapter under Captain Mark Messier and coach John Muckler. Despite challenges in the regular season, including Grant Fuhr’s absence, the team secured the fifth spot in the NHL standings. The Oilers triumphed over the Winnipeg Jets,¬†Los Angeles Kings, and¬†Chicago Blackhawks¬†in the path to the finals. The Stanley Cup Finals saw a memorable three-overtime Game 1 against the Boston Bruins, ultimately resulting in the Oilers winning the series in five games and clinching their first championship without Gretzky. Bill Ranford’s stellar goaltending earned him the Conn Smythe Trophy, underscoring the team’s ability to succeed and thrive beyond the Gretzky era.

7 Delicious Facts About The Mango

1. Mangoes are as diverse as apples or plums

There are hundreds and hundreds of varieties of mango, regional and distinct. Some creamy and sweet, some citrusy, some a bit hot, some like pineapple and some ‚Äď often found in our supermarkets ‚Äď just a bit bland. It‚Äôs worth seeking out the sweeter varieties if you can: give the¬†Alphonso¬†a try.

2. It is the national fruit of not one but three countries

The mango is the national fruit of Pakistan, India and the Philippines. It is also the national tree of Bangladesh.

3. The name ‚Äúmango‚ÄĚ originated in India

The English name mango is likely derived from the Tamil word mankay or Keralan word mangga. When Portuguese traders settled in Southern India, they adopted the name as manga. It was as the British were trading with South India in the 15th and 16th Centuries that the word mango was born.

4. Over 43 million tonnes of mangoes are produced globally

Almost all of these are¬†Tommy Atkins mangoes ‚Äď a variety that grows quickly, has a great size and colour, is resistant to many types of fungus, doesn‚Äôt bruise easily, and will last a long time on a supermarket shelf. All these characteristics make it ripe for exporting around the world. Unfortunately, it is also stringy and relatively tasteless.

5. India is the world’s biggest producer of mangoes

The South Asian country produces over 18 million tonnes of the fruit, mostly for domestic consumption.

6. Mangoes were first grown in India over 5,000 years ago

The wild mango is thought to have originated in the foothills of the Himalayas in India and Myanmar. The first known cultivation of the fruit was around 5,000 years ago in Southern India, Myanmar, and the Andaman Islands (an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal).

7. The oldest mango tree has been around for centuries

The oldest living mango tree is thought to be 300 years old and is found in East Khandesh in Central India. Surprisingly, the ancient plant still produces fruit!

The Five Smallest Countries In The World By Total Land Area

The five smallest countries in the world by total land area are:

  1. Vatican City:
    • Area: Approximately 0.17 square miles (0.44 square kilometers)
    • Location: Enclaved within the city of Rome, Italy
    • Notable: It is the spiritual and administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church and the residence of the Pope.
  2. Monaco:
    • Area: Approximately 0.78 square miles (2.02 square kilometers)
    • Location: On the French Riviera in Western Europe
    • Notable: Known for its upscale casinos, yacht-lined harbor, and the prestigious Grand Prix motor race.
  3. Nauru:
    • Area: Approximately 8.1 square miles (21 square kilometers)
    • Location: In Micronesia in the Central Pacific
    • Notable: It is the third smallest country by land area and the smallest island country. It has significant phosphate mining.
  4. Tuvalu:
    • Area: Approximately 10 square miles (26 square kilometers)
    • Location: In the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia
    • Notable: It is composed of nine small islands and is one of the least populated countries.
  5. San Marino:
    • Area: Approximately 24 square miles (61 square kilometers)
    • Location: Enclaved within Italy, near the northeastern coast
    • Notable: It claims to be the oldest sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, founded on September 3, 301 AD.

These countries are unique in their own right, often with rich histories and distinctive cultures despite their small sizes.

Why Use An External Bluetooth Keyboard With Your Laptop?

It’s really rather simple Рcomfort. key position. key spread. palm rest. probably a dozen other reasons.

If the keyboard that is included has a differing format to what I‚Äôm used to (L shaped enter/return key vs I shaped. It repositions specific keys that can be troublesome to get used to. Especially ones needed for ‚Äúprogramming‚ÄĚ.¬†

Not every laptop has the numeral keypad – mine does. I don‚Äôt know about you but if I‚Äôm doing more than 3 or 4 sets of numbers, it‚Äôs faster via numeral keypad. So if your laptop doesn’t have one, use an external keyboard that does. I use the Xech bluetooth keyboard.

Depending on the size of the laptop, the spread between the keys can add to errors in a touch typist‚Äôs pace. But most importantly the height! Using an external keyboard it’s so I can raise the screen to eye level and still type in a comfortable position. Also, most laptops in my experience have lousy keyboards.

What Are The Events That Led To World War III In Star Trek?

In the Star Trek universe, World War III is a significant historical event that shapes the future of humanity. The details of the conflict are provided through various episodes across different series. Here is a summary of the events leading to World War III in the Star Trek lore:

  1. Escalation of Tensions:
    • By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, geopolitical tensions on Earth had been growing. Nationalistic fervor, economic disparities, and ideological differences contributed to increasing instability.
  2. Genetic Engineering and the Eugenics Wars:
    • In the 1990s, humanity experienced the Eugenics Wars, a series of conflicts involving genetically engineered superhumans, known as Augments. These Augments, such as Khan Noonien Singh, attempted to seize control of the planet. Although Khan and his followers were eventually defeated and exiled, the wars left lasting scars and contributed to distrust of genetic engineering.
  3. Decline of Global Stability:
    • By the early 21st century, the aftermath of the Eugenics Wars and other conflicts led to a significant decline in global stability. Nation-states struggled with economic collapse, environmental degradation, and resource scarcity.
  4. Outbreak of World War III:
    • The actual outbreak of World War III occurred around 2026, sparked by conflicts over resources and ideological differences. It was a devastating global conflict involving multiple factions and the use of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. The war lasted for several decades, peaking in the 2050s.
  5. Devastation and Aftermath:
    • World War III resulted in the deaths of approximately 600 million people and widespread devastation. Major cities were destroyed, governments collapsed, and much of Earth’s infrastructure was left in ruins. The social, economic, and environmental impacts were catastrophic.
  6. Post-War Recovery and the Phoenix Launch:
    • In the aftermath of the war, humanity faced a long period of recovery. Amidst the ruins, individuals like Zefram Cochrane worked on technological advancements. Cochrane’s successful test of the warp drive on April 5, 2063, attracted the attention of the Vulcans, leading to First Contact and setting humanity on a path toward unity and exploration.
  7. Formation of a New World Order:
    • Following First Contact, humans began to rebuild and reorganize society. The realization that they were not alone in the universe prompted efforts to overcome past divisions. This period of rebuilding eventually led to the formation of the United Earth government and later, the United Federation of Planets.

World War III in the Star Trek universe serves as a pivotal turning point, highlighting the destructive potential of humanity but also its capacity for recovery, cooperation, and progress.