Some Fun Facts About The Beautiful Puffin

Here are some interesting facts about this beautiful bird, it’s everything you really need to know about puffins.

There are four species of puffins. The one breeding in Iceland is the Atlantic puffin, the other species are the Horned puffin, Tufted puffin and Rhinoceros Auklet. Sixty percent of the world’s puffins breed in Iceland.

A puffin’s beak (or bill) changes colour during the year. They only possess Technicolor beaks – and their matching orange feet – during the spring breeding season. Just before winter sets in, they shed the colourful outer beak, leaving a noticeably smaller and duller-coloured beak.

Puffins spend most of their lives out at sea, resting on the waves when not swimming. They are well suited to life on the sea and mostly eat fish. They only return to land to breed. Puffins are carnivores and live off small fish such as herring, hake and sand eels.

Puffins mate for life. They seem to have very conservative family values and usually pair up with the same partner as previous years – some have been together 20 years! They raise their single chick (or puffling) over the course of summer and return every year to the same burrow with the same mate.

Puffins don’t make nests, they dig holes. In spring and summer, thousands of puffins gather in colonies on the coasts and islands of the North Atlantic Ocean to breed. They dig their holes (or burrows) using their beaks and feet. They prefer to make their burrows in earth or between rocks on steep cliffs so predators cannot easily reach them. The burrows are up to one meter deep.

The female puffin only lays one egg each spring. Like with some penguins, both parents take turns incubating the egg and caring for the puffling. The puffling spends most of its day inside the burrow, mostly feeds on fish and grows rapidly. After 36-45 days it is fully fledged and makes its way to the sea and does not return to land for several years.

Puffins live a long life. In the wild, these winged wonders live for around 20 years. Their main predator is the great black-backed gull, which can capture a puffin mid-flight or swoop in on a puffin on the ground. Herring gulls are also a threat because they steal puffins’ fish (sometimes right from their mouths), and they pull pufflings or eggs from their burrows.

Puffins are smaller than you think. They only measure about 30 cm from the tip of their beak to the end of their tail and stand at about 20 cm.

The puffin is a poor flier. The puffin struggles to get in the air, beating its wings 300-400 times a minute just to stay in flight! They also have trouble landing, often crashing into the water or rolling onto the grass, tumbling into any other puffins that may be in their way.

The puffin is an excellent swimmer. They use their wings to ‘fly’ underwater while using their feet to control direction. Puffins are incredible divers and can reach depths of 60 meters on their journeys to look for food.

Puffins may chatter up a storm at their breeding colonies, but they remain perfectly silent while at sea.

Puffins cannot fly unless they have a view of the ocean.

All Three The Big Bang Theory Thanksgiving Episodes

The Pirate Solution (Season 3, Episode 4)

When Raj loses his research funding, he’s at risk of deportation. His attempts to get a new job are thwarted by his inability to talk to women, so Sheldon offers Raj the chance to work for him (not WITH him, as the two will continue to argue about.) Meanwhile, with no Raj around, Howard ends up being a third wheel for Leonard and Penny. Fans enjoyed this episode more, especially as it gave us time with Raj and Sheldon – two characters who don’t normally get much screen time together. Howard’s increasingly annoying intrusions on Penny and Leonard’s love life are also good for a few chuckles. However, it stays in the middle of the pack because it’s ultimately an episode where not much really happens.

The Thanksgiving Decoupling (Season 7, Episode 9)

When Mrs. Wolowitz is stuck in bed with gout, Howard manages to convince all of his friends to have dinner together at his mom’s house. The most notable revelation in this episode comes when Penny fondly remembers a Thanksgiving in Vegas, where she ‘pretended’ to marry her ex, Zack. Of course, everyone else realizes that Penny is legally married, and now she needs to figure out a way to get an annulment. For once, Raj gets to be the calm, competent eye of the storm, as he creates a full Thanksgiving dinner in the middle of the chaos (his best line of the episode: ‘My, my. The plot, like my gravy, thickens.’) Meanwhile, Sheldon bonds with another man over football, and the stories about his childhood get good laughs while also being poignant and revealing.

The Platonic Permutation (Season 9 Episode 9)

Sheldon and Amy are broken up, but when he can’t find anyone to accompany him to a dinner at the aquarium she decides they can handle going as friends. Meanwhile, Leonard is frustrated that Penny doesn’t know when his birthday is. Emily, Raj, and Bernadette drag Howard to volunteer at a soup kitchen, which he tries to lie his way out of. Leonard’s attempts to prove that he knows everything about Penny only prove that he has been reading her journal Meanwhile, Howard gets to meet his hero Elon Musk at the soup kitchen, prompting a discussion on space travel. When Amy announces that she’s ready to get back together, Sheldon responds, ‘Amy, I excel at many things, but getting over you wasn’t one of them.’ This rare admission from Sheldon showed real growth for the character and saved this episode from being totally forgettable.